Dr. Paul M. Erhard   
Fulbright-Nehru Project Title: "The Use of Indian Tanbura Drones by Indian Classical Music
Performers and Teachers as an Aid for Developing Musical
Perception and Good Intonation"
Field of Study: Study of India
Home Institution in US: University of Colorado, Boulder, CO
Host Institution in India: Sathya Sai Mirpuri College of Music, Puttaparthi, Andhra Pradesh  
Start date/Month in India: November/December 2013 & May/June 2014 (serial grant)
Duration of grant: Four months

Brief Bio:
Dr. Paul Erhard is professor of double bass at the University of Colorado's College of Music, where he has taught since 1986. Dr. Erhard earned his bachelor's degree from Eastman School of Music and his master's and doctoral degrees from Juilliard. His primary double bass teachers have been Homer Mensch, James VanDemark and Georg Hörtnagel (in Munich). He won the Juilliard Double Bass Concerto Competition in 1984, performing at Lincoln Center. Dr. Erhard is principal double bass of the Boulder Bach Festival Orchestra and Pro Musica Colorado Chamber Orchestra. As a soloist, he has performed Western classical, jazz and improvised raga music of India throughout the US and in Europe and Asia. A frequent competition jury member, he most recently judged in 2011 the International Society of Bassists Solo Competition in San Francisco and the International Double Bass Solo Competition in Markneukirchen, Germany. He is the founder and director of the Rocky Mountain Double Bass Festival with the twelfth festival held in Boulder in September 2012.

Since 1998, Dr. Erhard has pioneered using the double bass in Indian Classical music as a means of creating new performance opportunities and audiences for the double bass as both a solo and chamber music instrument. He has incorporated various elements of Indian music into his Western music, including the use of Indian tanbura drones both in double bass performance and his university teaching. For the past 10 years he has been developing a tanbura-based training system for Western musicians to aid in refining listening skills. In 2002, he received an American Institute of Indian Studies (AIIS) Senior Performing Arts Fellowship for research in India to study Carnatic vocal music. In 2004 he formed the Indo-American Fusion trio Atmic Vision (http://atmicvision.com) with Bangalore-based musicians Annada Prasanna Pattanaik, Bansuri and Muthu Kumar. Atmic Vision has performed 44 concerts in 10 states, Paris and Bangalore, and given more than 50 Indian music workshops for over 9000 students. In 2011, he formed the trio Sands Around Infinity with his vocalist and cellist sons. Featuring Indo-western fusion with a twist of jazz, Sands Around Infinity has given 16 performances in US, Germany and India, and is currently recording its first CD.

Dr. Erhard's Fulbright project will involve researching the use of Indian tanbura drones by Indian classical music performers and teachers in India as an aid for cultivating musical perception and accurate intonation. His research will examine how Indian music teachers evaluate the depth and quality of a student’s developing aural awareness. With an understanding of Indian pedagogical strategies/techniques used to train the musical mind, a project outcome will be to further develop and disseminate a tanbura drone-based system of intonation training that enhances the aural skills development of music students in the West.