|Ms. Unjali Gujral is a doctoral candidate in nutrition and health sciences at Emory University, Georgia. She earned her B.A. in economics from the University of Californa, Irvine in 2003 and her M.P.H. from Yale University, Connecticut in 2010. Her area of interest lies in chronic disease epidemiology, and she works closely with Dr. K.M. Venkat Narayan on projects regarding diabetes etiology and pathophysiology in South Asians. Recently, the International Journal of Epidemiology published her commentary, “Trends in prevalence of type 2 diabetes and prediabetes in South Asians—does it tell a story?”
Ms. Gujral’s Fulbright research project, “South Asian Ethnicity and its Age Specific Association with Diabetes,” will investigate whether type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) occurs at a younger age in Indians living in India compared to ethnic groups living in the United States. Using existing data from the Madras Diabetes Research Foundation and National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES), she will compare the age-specific prevalence of T2DM and pre-diabetes in Asian Indians living in India with Caucasians, Hispanics and African Americans living in the U.S. in the hopes that this will elucidate some of the pathophysiological mechanisms behind the development of type 2 diabetes in South Asians.